Research Paper Abstracts

I. Classical Biological Control Of Purple Loosestrife

Blossey, B. 1995. A Comparison of Various Approaches for Evaluating Potential Biological Control Agents Using Insects on Lythrum salicaria. Biological Control 5 : 113-122.

Blossey, B. 1992. Impact of Galerucella pusilla Duft. and G. calmariensis L. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) on field populations of purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria L.). Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds. 2-7 February, 1992.

Blossey, B. Coexistence of Two Leaf-beetles in the Same Fundamental Niche. I Distribution, Adult Phenology and Oviposition. Oikos in press.

Blossey, B. and Malecki, R. A. 1995. Instructions for field release or propagation of Hylobius transversovittatus for the biological control of purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria L.) New York Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit. Department of Natural Resources. Cornell University; Ithaca, New York. March 1995.

Blossey, B. and Schat, M. 1995. Performance of a leaf-beetle on different North American populations of purple loosestrife. Journal of Ecological Entomology in press.

Blossey, B., Schroeder, D., Hight, S. D., and Malecki, R. A. 1994. Host Specificity and Environmental Impact of Two Leaf Beetles (Galerucella calmariensis and G. pusilla) for Biological Control of Purple Loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria). Weed Science 42 : 134-140.

Blossey, B. and Schroeder, D. 1995. Host specificity of Three Potential Biological Control Agents Attacking Flowers and Seeds of Lythrum salicaria (Purple Loosestrife). Biological Control 5 : 47 - 53.

DeClerck-Floate, R. 1992. The Desirability of Using Biocontrol Against Purple Loosestrife in Canada. Agriculture Canada, July 1992.

DeLoach, C. J. 1991. Past Successes and Current Prospects in Biological Control of Weed in the United States and Canada. Natural Areas Journal 11(3) : 129-142.

Hight, S. D. and Drea, J. J., Jr. 1991. Prospects for a Classical Biological Control Project Against Purple Loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria L.). Natural Areas Journal 11(3) : 151-157.

Hight, S. D., Blossey, B., Laing, J. and Declerck-Floate, R. 1995. Establishment of Insect Biological Control Agents from Europe Against Lythrum salicaria in North America. Environmental Entomology 24(4) : 967-977.

Malecki, R. A. and Blossey, B. 1994. Insect Biological Weed Control: An important and underutilized management tool for maintaining native plant communities threatened by exotic plant introductions. Transactions of the 59th North American Wildlife & Natural Resources Conference : 400-404.

Malecki, R. A., Blossey, B., Hight, S. D., Schroeder, D., Kok, L. T., and Coulson, J. R. 1993. Biological Control of Purple Loosestrife: A case for using insects as control agents, after rigorous screening, and for integrating release strategies with research. Bioscience 43(10) : 680-686.

Thompson, D. Q. 1991. History of Purple Loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria L.) Biological Control Efforts. Natural Areas Journal 11(3): 148-150.

II. General Purple Loosestrife Abstracts:

Anderson, M. G. 1995. Interactions Between Lythrum salicaria and Native Organisms: A Critical Review. Environmental Management 19(2) : 225-231.

Batra, S. W. T., Schroeder, D., Boldt, B. E., and Mendl, W. 1986. Insects Associated with Purple Loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria L.) in Europe. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 88 (4) : 748-759.

Blossey, B. and Nötzold, R. 1995. Evolution of increased competitive ability in invasive nonindigenous plants: a hypothesis. Journal of Ecology 83 : 887-889.

Hight, S. D. 1990. Available Feeding Niches in Populations of Lythrum salicaria (Purple Loosestrife) in the Northeastern United States. Proc. VII. Int. Symp. Biol. Contr. Weed, 6-11 March 1988, Rome, Italy. Delfosse, E. S. (ed.) 1st Sper. Patol. Veg. (MAF), pp. 269-278.

Keddy, P. A. and Constabel, P. 1986. Germination of ten shoreline plants in relation to seed size, soil particle size and water level: An experimental study. Journal of Ecology: 74: 133-141.

Mal, T. K., Lovett-Doust, J., Lovett-Doust, L., and Mulligan, G. A. 1992. The biology of Canadian weeds. 100. Lythrum salicaria. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 72: 1305-1330.

Rawinski, T. J. and Malecki, R. A. 1984. Ecological relationships among Purple Loosestrife, Cattail, and wildlife at the Montezuma National Wildlife Refuge. New York Fish and Game Journal 31(1) : 81-87.

Shamsi, S. R. A. and Whitehead, F. H. 1977. Comparative eco-physiology of Epilobium hirsutum L. and Lythrum salicaria L. III. Mineral nutrition. Journal of Ecology 65: 55-70.

Thompson, D. Q., Stuckey, R. L., and Thompson, E. B. 1987. Spread, Impact, and Control of Purple Loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) in North American Wetlands. United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service; Fish and Wildlife Research 2, 1987.

Welling, C. H. and Becker, R. L. 1990. Seed bank dynamics of Lythrum salicaria L.: implications for control of this species in North America. Aquatic Botany 38 (1990): 303-309.

III. Control Methods:

Balogh, G. R. 1986. The ecology, distribution, and control of purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) in Northwest Ohio. M. Sc. thesis, Ohio State University, 106 pp.

Blossey, B. and Schroeder, D. 1991. Study and screening of potential biological control agents of purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria L.) A report by the International Institute of Biological Control. February 1991, 28 pp.

Comas, L., Edwards, K., and Lynch, B. 1992. Control of purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria L.) at Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore by cutting followed by overwinter flooding. A report to the National Park Service. 12 pp.

Cooper, A. M., Laing, J. E., and Corrigan, J. E. The impact of Galerucella calmariensis L. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) on Purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria L.) under caged, field conditions. Biological Control Laboratory Newsletter. Department of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph.

Gabor, T. S., Haagsma, T., and Murkin, H. R. 1996. Wetland Plant Responses to Varying Degrees of Purple Loosestrife Removal in Southeastern Ontario, Canada. Wetlands 16(1): 95-98.

Gabor, T. S., Haagsma, T., Murkin, H. R., and Armson, E. 1995. Effects of Triclopyr Amine on Purple Loosestrife and Non-target Wetland Plants in South-eastern Ontario, Canada. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 33 : 48-51.

Gabor, T. S., and Murkin, H. R. 1990. Effects of Clipping Purple Loosestrife Seedlings During a Simulated Wetland Drawdown. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 28 : 98-100.

Haworth-Brockman, M. J., Murkin, H. R., and Clay, R. T. 1993. Effects of Shallow Flooding on Newly Established Purple Loosestrife Seedlings. Wetlands 13(3): 224-227.

Haworth-Brockman, M. J., Murkin, H. R., Clay, R. T., and Armson, E. 1991. Effects of Underwater Clipping of Purple Loosestrife in a Southern Ontario Wetland. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 29: 117-118.

Katovich, E. J. Stamm, Becker, R. L., and Kincaid, B. D. 1996. Influence of nontarget neighbors and spray volume on retention and efficacy of Triclopyr in Purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria). Weed Science 44: 143-147.

Keddy, C. 1992. A Universal Manual for Purple Loosestrife Control. A publication of the Ontario Federation of Anglers and Hunters. 60 pp.

Keddy, C. 1988. A review of Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) ecology and management: The urgency for management in Ontario. Natural Heritage League report September 1988.

Laing, J. E., and Corrigan, J. E. Field identification of Galreucella beetles: Biological control agents of purple loosestrife. Biological Control Laboratory Newsletter. Department of Environmental Biology. University of Guelph.

Malecki, R. A., and Rawinski, T. J. 1985. New Methods for Controlling Purple Loosestrife. New York Fish and Game Journal 32(1) : 9-19.

Nelson, L. S., Getsinger, K. D., and Freedman, J. E. 1995. Selective Control of Purple Loosestrife with Triclopyr. Wetlands Research Program Technical Report WRP-SM-4 for US Army Corps of Engineers; Waterways Experiment Station. 19 pp.

Rawinski, T. J. 1982. The ecology and management of purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria L.) in central New York. M. Sc. thesis, Cornell University. 88 pp.

Skinner, L. C., and Hollenhurst II, T. P. 1989. Incidence, spread, and control studies of purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria L.) in Hennepin Parks. A report for the Metropolitan Council, Minnesota. December 1989.

Smith, R. H. 1961. Experimental control of Purple Loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria). New York Fish and Game Journal 11(1): 35-46.

Welling, C. H. and Becker, R. L. 1993. Reduction of purple loosestrife establishment in Minnesota wetlands. Wildlife Society Bulletin 21: 56-64.

Wilcox, D. A. 1989. Migration and Control of Purple Loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria L.) along Highway corridors. Environmental Management 13(3): 365-370.

IV. Purple Loosestrife Cultivar Research:

Anderson, N. O., and Ascher, P. D. 1993. Male and Female fertility of loosestrife (Lythrum) cultivars. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science in press.

Ottenbreit, K. A. 1991. The Distribution, Reproductive Biology, and Morphology of Lythrum Species, Hybrids, and Cultivars in Manitoba. M.Sc. Thesis. University of Manitoba; Winnipeg, Manitoba. 145 pp.

V. General Reports

Environment Manitoba. 1991. State of the Environment: Report for Manitoba. Minister of the Environment Manitoba. 191 pp.

Lindgren, C. J., and Clay, R. T. 1993. Fertility of "Morden Pink" Lythrum virgatum L. Transplanted into Wild Stands of L. salicaria. L. in Manitoba. HortScience 28(9) : 954.

Vick, Roger. 1992. Lythrum: Planta non grata. Kinnikinnick 7(8): 253-257.

White, D. J., Haber, E., and Keddy, C. 1993. Invasive Plants of Natural Habitats in Canada: An integrated review of wetland and upland species and legislation governing their control. Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada.

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